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july 2021



What is Childhood Arthritis?

Arthritis in children is called childhood arthritis or juvenile arthritis. The most common type of childhood arthritis is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

Childhood arthritis can cause permanent physical damage to joints. This damage can make it hard for the child to do everyday things like walking or dressing and can result in disability.

Is there a cure for childhood arthritis?

Although there is no cure, some children with arthritis achieve permanent remission, which means the disease is no longer active. Any physical damage to the joint will remain.

What are the signs and symptoms of childhood arthritis?

Symptoms may come and go over time. There may be times when symptoms get worse, known as flares, and times when symptoms get better, known as remission. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Joint pain

  • Swelling

  • Fever

  • Stiffness

  • Rash

  • Fatigue (tiredness)

  • Loss of appetite

  • Inflammation of the eye

  • Difficulty with daily living activities such as walking, dressing, and playing

Learn more.

Source:  https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/childhood.htm


JUNE 2021

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Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow out of control. The prostate is a gland found only in males. It makes some of the fluid that is part of semen.

The prostate is below the bladder (the hollow organ where urine is stored) and in front of the rectum (the last part of the intestines). Just behind the prostate are glands called seminal vesicles that make most of the fluid for semen. The urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, goes through the center of the prostate.

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The size of the prostate can change as a man gets older. In younger men, it is about the size of a walnut, but it can be much larger in older men.

Here are some stats:

  • About 1 man in 8 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer  during his lifetime

  • The Average age of men at diagnosis is about 66years of age

  • Compared with White men, African American men are more likely to develop prostate cancer

  • Black men are twice as likely to die from prostate cancer even if the cancer is “low-grade” for the disease

Risk Factors contributing to more aggressive prostate cancer disease in Black Men:

  • Socioeconomic status: African American men are more likely to have a lower socioeconomic status than other men. Low socioeconomic status has links to a higher chance of cancer due to reduced access to medical care and the ability to pay for it.

  • Racial bias in health care: African American men may face racial bias in healthcare, and in some cases, may avoid treatment because of it. For example, African American men are less likely to receive prostate screenings or Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) tests. They are also less likelyTrusted Source to be offered prostate cancer screenings.

  • Delayed care: Some Black males may be afraid of getting a prostate exam or may have difficulty accessing or paying for healthcare due to various factors, such as socioeconomic status.


While the general guidelines recommend starting at age 55, you may need PSA screening between the ages of 40 and 54 if you:

  • Have at least one first-degree relative (such as your father or brother) who has had prostate cancer

  • Have at least two extended family members who have had prostate cancer

  • Are African-American, an ethnicity that has a higher risk of developing more aggressive cancers


MAY 2021

Stroke Awareness


A stroke, sometimes called a brain attack, occurs when something blocks blood supply to part of the brain or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. In either case, parts of the brain become damaged or die. A stroke can cause lasting brain damage, long-term disability, or even death. Stroke is the No.5 Cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of severe long-term disability. Black women in their 50’s may have triple the risk of stroke compared to White women of the same age. 


Almost half of African Americans have a risk factor that can lead to a stroke.


  • More than 2 in 5 African American women are diagnosed with high blood pressure (greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg), which is a much higher rate than white women have.


  • African American women are diagnosed with higher rates of obesity (nearly 3 in 5) and diabetes (more than 1 in 8), conditions that increase the risk for stroke. 

  • Eating too much salt or sodium can raise your blood pressure, putting you at higher risk of stroke. Researchers think there may be a gene that makes African Americans more sensitive to the effects of salt, which in turn increases the risk of developing high blood pressure.

  • Sickle cell disease, a common genetic disorder in African Americans, can lead to a stroke. About 1 in 365 black or African American babies are born with sickle cell disease.

  • Smoking greatly increases stroke risk. About 1 in 7 African American women smoke.

Why are women at a higher risk of stroke than men?

Higher stroke risk in women might be due to: 

  • Pregnancy –The risk of stroke in pregnant women is 21 per 100,000, with the highest stroke risk during the third trimester and post-partum. Those with high blood pressure should be treated with medications and monitored closely.

  • Preeclampsia – This is high blood pressure that develops during pregnancy. Preeclampsia doubles the risk of stroke later in life. If you have any history of hypertension, talk to your healthcare provider about taking low-dose aspirin starting in the second trimester.

  • Birth control pills – Birth control pills have become much safer over time, but women who are already at risk of stroke should take extra precautions. Get screened for high blood pressure before the pill is prescribed. And never smoke while taking oral contraceptives.

  • Hormone replacement therapy – This type of therapy should never be used to prevent stroke in post-menopausal women.

  • Migraines with aura – Migraine with aura is associated with ischemic stroke in younger women, particularly if they smoke or use oral contraceptives. Smokers with migraines accompanied by aura should quit immediately.


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Look for the S:

  • Sudden Numbness on one side of the body

  • Sudden Confusion trouble speaking and understanding speech

  • Sudden Trouble in one or both eyes

  • Sudden Trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, and coordination

  • Sudden Severe Headache

Learn More: https://www.goredforwomen.org/-/media/grfw-files/know-your-risk/stroke_risk_in_women_infographic_english.pdf?la=en




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